TOMP-API & 4 Levels of MaaS

The TOMP-API is a standard in MaaS ecosystems, but how does it relate to the ecosystem? In this article we try to find this out. The TOMP-API consists out of multiple modules, and some of them are directly related to a level in the “4 levels of MaaS” model as proposed by Steven Sarasini (https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Proposed-topology-of-MaaS-including-Levels-0-4-left-and-examples-right_fig2_320107637). We address